Lwengo District Economic Profile

Progressive people, just society and sustainable economy

To provide quality services through a coordinated and just delivery system, focusing on local and national priorities for sustainable development.

Improved service delivery for socio-economic development from 45% to 70% by 2020

I.0 Location and size: Lwengo is situated about 166 Kms from Kampala, 66 Kms away from the equator to the north and 45 kms from Masaka the regional center, with an average altitude of 1150m above sea level. Lwengo borders Ssembabule in the north, Lyantonde in the West, Bukomansimbi in the North East, Masaka in the East and Rakai in the south.
The District is composed of six sub counties of Kkingo, Kisekka, Ndagwe, Lwengo, kyazanga and Malongo, two Town Councils of Lwengo and Kyazanga. and two town boards of Kinoni and Katovu.
2.0 Demographic Characteristics: The total population of Lwengo District is 274,638 according to the 2014 Census main report living in 272,095 households. The population below 18 years is 58%, while 6% is over 65 years, and 36% is between 15 and 64 years.   84% of the population depends on agriculture and related activities
 3.0 Topography and Climate: The District has a total area of about 1023.736 sq kms of which 85% is arable. The landscape and topography in general, is flat toped hills with rolling and falling slopes ending in wide valley bottoms covered by extensive swamps containing streams flowing in them.
The Climate of Lwengo District is tropical in nature, but modified by relief and proximity to Lake Victoria. The rainfall pattern is bimodal having two seasons with long dry spells occurring between June to August, and January to March. The two seasons of rain occurs in the months of March and April, and September to December.
4.0 Vegetation: The total gazetted forest estate is about 21 hectares (Lwengo local forest reserve) constituting 0.021% of the total land area of the District.
5.0 Land:  There are mainly four types of land tenure systems in the district; customary, freehold, leasehold and Mailo land.  The soil texture varies from place to place ranging from red literate, loams, sandy- and clay- loams, and clay in the valleys. The area lies within the zone of soils of high productivity.

  • Average land holdings. There are four categories of farm land holdings:

The average land holding per house hold for small scale farmers of 2-5 acres is 80%  , medium scale farmers of 5-14 acres is17%, large scale farmers of 15-50 acres is 2% and those with 50 and above acres is1%

  • Natural Resources:  These include - Land, wetlands, forests, water bodies, all of which are inadequately exploited.  Potential resources that require development include stone and sand quarries, wetlands crafts and mineral resources that have not been explored and can be tapped strategically to ensure realization of meaningful development. There is sand mining in Makondo, Ndagwe Sub county,

Figure2: The district tree nursery bed

7.1.0 Agriculture:  65% and 35% of the farmers in the district are engaged in subsistence and commercial agriculture respectively. These farmers use rudimentally farming methods, which can not improve / increase production.
Figure3: Tomatoes in the District green house                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
7.1.1 Clusters and value chains: Coffee and maize are main cash crops in the district with streamlined value chain. i.e. Producers-buyers-stockists-transporters-processors-consumers-agro input dealers  
Figure 4: Value added Packed maize and soya flour ready
for the market

7.1.2 Fisheries: The district has no open water fishing grounds. It is however, endowed with permanent water sources/ wetlands which are suitable for fish farming. The district has 140 fish ponds of which 57 are stocked and 83 non-stocked.
8.0 Industries: There are 62 Agro-based industries; 42 coffee processing and maize mills. There are 11 Cottage industries, 1 Bakery
However, Fruit processing, meat processing, hides and skins are potential areas for industrial development.  Grapes, upland rice, and lowland apples can also favourably grow.
9.0 Tourism: The development and conservation of various wetlands such as Kiyanja of Kyazanga which is a habitant for rare bird species like crested cranes, snow bill herons, Kyogya Wetland in Kisekka sub county which is home many python species, statungas/waterbucks, traditional heritage sites like the King’s palace (the Lubiri of Kabaka) at Nkoni, Nabyewanga cultural hills in Nkoni opposite Kabaka’s Palace and Wajinja rock shrines in Ndagwe are priority areas for investment. Lwengo is home to prominent religious sites like the Nkoni Catholic Parish, Fr. Bill’s Charismatic renewal church. Historical sites like the Cemetery for NRA war victims at Lwengo subcounty headquarters
There are also hotels for visitors and accommodation, Malongo recreation center Katovu, N.M Unique hotel Mbirizi, Jolet Hotel Kyazanga
10.0 Financial services: There are 2 financial institutions ie Finince Trust Bank and Lwengo women Micro Finance. These are also supplemented by community SACCOs served by 21 Savings and Credit Cooperative Organizations (SACCOs) with membership of over 5,000 savers and share capital of over 550million shillings and loan portfolio exceeding 1.7 billion shillings. There are also 74 village level saving associations (VLSAs)
11.0 Training Institutions: The district has various training institutions ranging from 311primary level schools with an enrolment of 60,509 pupils, 46 Secondary schools with over 45,000 pupils and 4 Tertiary training institutes that include Lwengo Technical Institute, Kyamaganda Nursery Teachers’ Training College, Kyetume Midwifery Training Institute.
12.0 Economic Infrastructure:
 a) Roads. The Road Network of the District is 385.99 km of classified feeder roads, of which 50.2km is class II and 335.79 km is class III. There are over 400kms of motorable community access roads. The LLG and the community are patterning to increase on the net work for enhanced market access especially community access and feeder roads. All the sub counties save for Ndagwe are crossed by the Kampala-Masaka-Mbarara highway
Figure 5: The Kampala -Masaka- Mbarara High way
Figure 3: kitooro- kaikolongo completed road

b) Markets. Local commodity markets include Katovu, Kyazanga Matooke, Kyawagoonya, Kinoni Matooke, Ddegeya vegetable stalls and community markets which consume part of farm produce.
c) Communication and internet connectivity facilities: The District access many radio services though not based in the district but CBS Radio Buddu and Radio west are most listened to. In terms of telecommunications, the District is served by MTN, AIRTEL, ORANGE, UTL and K2.
There is Orange 3g internet, MTN and Airtel 3g is also in selected areas, however for the rest of the Networks there is 2g. 
d) Power: 15% of the house holding use electricity,  5% use solar, 10% and 70% use paraffin lanterns and tadooba respectively.  There is gradual increase in use of solar power especially with the LC IV Solar initiative in the rural areas. Investment in solar and Bio-gas would minimize on fuel wood consumption (training people in groups is ongoing)
13. Investment prospects

  • Public infrastructure improvement in facilities such as; markets parks,    construction of administration structures e.g. district headquarters, service delivery centers like schools, health units using long term loans.
  • Investment in commercial public water supply systems.
  • Investment in research and development in agriculture.
  • Investment in value addition industrial development.
  • Supply of low cost technical equipments for both industries and institutions and establishment of ICT Centers is very crucial in this respect.
  • Investment in mechanized agricultural production and enhancement of tree growing to address carbon reduction.

14.0 Areas of public private partnership

  • Establishment of a Trade and Commercial Centre in the district
  • Establishment of local air strips.
  • Establishment of Tourist Stop centres and recreational facilities.
  • Infrastructural development and vocationalization of education.
  • Promoting the use of IT thus automating processes by improving the phone and internet network coverage and connectivity(3g for internet)

Lwengo district is strategically located with immense investment opportunities that exist in the areas of agriculture, infrastructure development, trade, energy, tourism, ICT and industry. There are prominent investors, entrepreneurs and farmers especially in coffee, mangoes, tomatoes, pineapples and citrus fruits. Processing and adding value to the produce calls for the collaborations in agriculture, trade and industry. Tea, upland rice, citrus, orchards (grapes and lowland apples) growing, fish farming, establishment of natural water reservoirs for irrigation and consumption water for rural populace are priority areas of investment.


                                        Key Contacts
Mutabaazi George               Kisembe Grace                            Namanya Happius         
District Chairperson            Chief Administrative Officer      District Planner
0702086916                            0753387960                                     0752616313